Comparative Detection of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus by the two Commonly used Assays of NSP ELISA and RT-PCR in Uganda with Quantitative Real Time RT-PCR on Field Samples
Mukasa, Hussein Kafeero
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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a viral disease of Ungulates; both Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla. The mortality rates are low in adult animals but it affects milk yield and international trade. In endemic countries, diagnosis can be based on clinical signs. But these are shared by other vesicular diseases, so a laboratory is needed to confirm the disease. In Uganda the commonly used assays for the laboratory diagnosis of FMD are NSP ELISA and RT-PCR. Serology using ELISA techniques may fail to distinguish between vaccinated and new infection so compromising its sensitivity. The gel passed PCR is involves a lot of advance sample treatment increasing errors due to carry over which also compromises its sensitivity. This work reports comparative the detection of foot-and-mouth virus by NSP ELISA and RTPCR with real time PCR which was taken as the gold standard. The assays were compared in terms of sensitivity, specificity and disease prevalence and likelihood ratios. A total of 176 cattle were used from which samples that included epithelial tissues (17.05%) and oral swabs (84.09%) were collected from outbreak cases in Eastern Districts of Mbale and Budaka.
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